impacts of the automobile

In addition, local merchandise in small quantities could be supplied to long distances. lblCurrentLayerIndex New England, which had long suffered from the competition of Western farms and more recently of Southern cotton mills, was fortunately able to combine the appeal of history with that of climate and scenery in developing the tourist industry. Ask the students if the United States is truly a "car culture." Midway on the western coast stood Tampa, marking the southward limit of development. He even branched out into aviation, turning his attention to the possibility of a cheap and practical airplane. Bad roads or none are a more significant form of distance than mere miles. It multiplied national parks and playgrounds and made tourism a leading industry. Legends were as useful as history. The Miami Daily News, owned by James M. Cox of Ohio, former Democratic candidate for president, printed in 1925 a special edition of 504 pages, the largest newspaper issue ever printed. The availability of motor cars helped to flourish the suburbs. In short, they have become the part and parcels of the life however like any product they too have their shortcoming. These policies might be summarized as: (1) centralized management; (2) control of raw materials by the manufacturer; (3) tools and machinery made to order, and with a view to maximum output without much regard to initial cost; (4) subdivision and specialization of labor to the greatest possible extent; (5) motion study and efficient shop arrangement; (6) high wages and short hours but no tolerance of shop rules or trade-union demands that might curtail production; and (7) abolition of all traditions, custom, office ritual and red tape that might limit output. Other features of Florida legislation, such as laws making easy the establishment of corporations and permitting counties and municipalities to levy taxes for publicity purposes, showed a similar desire to put no political obstacle in the way of economic expansion. Everyone who wanted work must be given a fair chance in the factory. The Ford Company enjoyed the same advantage as France under Napoleon or Prussia under Frederick. Of course California attracted settlers by her fruit farms and growing industries as well as by her bid for tourists, and still possessed great mineral wealth. Varieties of cars: There are different types of automobiles catering to the requirements of the users. The Ford factories were far more novel, interesting and important than the Ford itself. The tools used in his shops were for the most part made in his shops; the rest were custom-ordered according to his specifications. Plant built a line in the west, aiming to develop the Gulf of Mexico shore as Flagler had the Eastern Coast. Similarly, sports model of top brands is very popular among the users who love speed. Easy availability of loans has allowed people to buy more than one automobile for their family. A report from the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change suggests that time is running out for humanity to change its course for global warming. Other winter resorts shared in but slightly less degree the prosperity of Miami. Some of these changes were merely for the sake of a new fashion, but almost always there was some added advantage or value as well. Of course the experiment was costly, a conservative estimate was fifteen million dollars spent to January 1, 1928, in the preparations for launching the new car. viewership helps us get sponsors. Helped fuel the creation of a national system of highways. The tractor made an even greater difference in the farmer’s life than car or truck. The automotive industry consumed also half the plate glass, eight per cent of the copper, eleven per cent of the iron and steel, sixty-five per cent of all leather upholstery, and more than seven billion gallons of gasoline annually. But the argument from climate did not always work in the obvious way. . … The truck carried his perishable fruit and vegetables to market, and in 1926 seven per cent of the farmers operated their own trucks, while many others used the common carriers or contract truckers. . The impact of the automobile and the auto-centered transport system on the American environment has been enormous. Until very recently, work and not play had been the determining cause of the more important movements of population in the United States. Timer The northern part of the state belonged socially, politically and economically to the Lower South, the “cotton kingdom.” It had a large Negro population who worked as plantation slaves until the Civil War, when Florida, like her neighbors, joined the Confederacy, endured the war and suffered reconstruction. The great enterprise of draining the Everglades has been compared by many writers with Holland’s project of draining the Zuyder Zee. The richest two per cent, vaguely termed “millionaires,” spent $5000 or more to a trip; the next most prosperous eighteen per cent averaged $1760 each; eight per cent, traveling for business, not pleasure, $1500; forty-four per cent, “middle-class” tourists, $850; and the remaining twenty-eight per cent, including employees on short vacations, students earning their way, and others who had to study economy, $425. One series of lines linked up Detroit with the Pacific Coast. In Virginia every battlefield of the Civil War bore a memorial tablet on the highway. It reflected alike the highly individualistic philosophy and the humane temper of the man himself. The motor bus was not smoky, nor did it proceed through the city slums and railroad yards; it could offer clean air and an interesting landscape. A mid-century tribute to the automobile and its importance in American life and the economy. The steam railroads, too, suffered a loss from bus competition estimated at anywhere from a tenth to a quarter of their passenger revenues; in a few cases the sale of local tickets had dropped one half by 1925. Longfellow’s Hiawatha proved to be worth millions to the upper peninsula of Michigan (“Hiawathaland,” as the advertisers called it), and was scarcely less profitable to Minnesota where Minnehaha was conventionally supposed to have dwelt. The latter, to meet these new conditions, straightway set up chain department stores in the smaller cities to recover their losses. St. Augustine is the oldest city in the nation. According to experts, the pollution level is increasing at an alarming rate causing health problems to the people. The motor vehicles brought great social changes. The Impact of the Invention of the Automobile on Society and the World 543 Words3 Pages Karl Benz invented the first automobile in 1866; it has changed the world in how we commute every day. The automotive industry is a major industrial and economic force worldwide. The average trip was about thirty miles. During eight years (1919-1927) over 137,000 persons were killed and 3,500,000 injured in automobile accidents—a heavier toll of deaths and wounds than suffered by the American armies in the World War. Certainly there was something almost uncanny in the endless process of a Ford plant. As in California, the Spanish architecture, traditional to the land, was tastefully adapted to the modern hotel and cottage. Environmental Impact of Electric Cars. Obviously the main advantage of auto trucking over railroad freighting was in the short haul, within a thirty-mile radius. He did not give as lavishly to universities as Rockefeller, to libraries as Carnegie, or to museums as Morgan. Federal aid extended highway construction at an average rate of about ten thousand miles a year. Sometimes the car represented the entire capital of the immigrant, except a little cash in hand with which to buy a lot in Florida. Circa 1900, less than 1000 cars were manufactured in the US. “Icicles or Roses. Of that, $327.1 billion was auto manufacturing and $218.3 billion was vehicle retail sales. The two regions being much alike, their rivalry was keener. But the metallic gold which attracted the forty-niners, and even the liquid gold of the oil wells, were overshadowed in commercial importance by the golden sunshine which welcomed the pleasure seeker. The huge size of the Western farms, the distance between farm and market town, the remoteness of the cities from each other, and the national habit of travel, all placed a premium on rapid locomotion. Even some milk-wagon horses have been put out of work. The spread of luxury was shown in the increased proportion of closed cars: twenty-eight per cent of the production in 1922; seventy-four per cent in 1926, and the tendency continued. Jobs in several fields opened up thanks to the automobile Jobs in factories, industry, convenience stores, gas stations, state police, mechanics and highway opened up all due to the automobile. pictures and descriptions make my day. It freed the nation from provincialism, though at the heavy cost of increasing standardization of manners. By 1928 the automobile accounted for more than four fifths of the rubber used in the United States. Again Ford replied that he timed his machines by experiment to find the best speed at which work could be done without loss of efficiency. The census of 1920 indicated a startling leap to 576,000, placing her about 70,000 ahead of San Francisco and making her the largest city lying between St. Louis and the Pacific Ocean. Required fields are marked *. It placed mortgages on homes when the automobile was a luxury, and took them off farms when the motor truck became a necessity. The company boasted that raw iron ore at the docks at eight Monday morning could be marketed as a complete Ford car on Wednesday noon, allowing fifteen hours for shipment. It gave fresh urgency to the liquor problem by turning the simple drunkard into the more sinister figure of the drunken driver. But on the whole, it was one of the most amiable aspects of the strong nationalist feeling of the time. Building progressed at a rate of about $150,000,000 a year, and $15,000,000 was invested in transforming an open roadstead into a good harbor. In the summer months the most urgent appeals came from those northern climes “where you have to sleep under blankets every night,” to quote the stereotyped phrase of a thousand circulars. . He disclaimed, with perhaps unnecessary indignation, any reproach of being a philanthropist and mixing business with charity. As the most widely accepted method of transportation, cars have changed the way people live all over the world. Miami, still farther south than Palm Beach, became the focus of the new migration. These air pollutants are released from the tailpipes, which means that humans immediately breathe in the contaminated air now compromising human health making it a more crucial issue to address. Lead from the vehicular smoke inhibits the production of red blood cells in the body causing lack of oxygen and anemia. Many vacationists instead of making the automobile a mere equivalent of the railway, a means to get to the summer resort, kept on the road during their entire trip. Not all the discontinued trackage can be laid directly to bus competition, however, as in many cases the electric railway went out of use some time before the motor-bus line filled its place. This bonus-on-conduct system was later modified, but the general principle still prevailed of dividing the profits of the Ford industries with the employees. The Automobile Revolution: The Impact of an Industry It could exploit a thinly settled route where there was some traffic but not enough to justify the Cost of laying track. The automobile brought with it two serious highway problems: the repair of roadways and the safety of automobilists and pedestrians on the streets. Americans did not invent the automobile, but over the last century cars have come to define much of what it means to be an American. Where the crowds came, other crowds followed for that very reason. Message Area Industry and commerce were little developed, and education was rather backward. However unwittingly, Henry Ford must be ranked with Henry Flagler and Henry Plant as one of the builders of southern Florida. The effect of the rise of the automobile industry on American business as a whole would be hard to overestimate. The advantages to the passenger were obvious. How has widespread car ownership changed the United States over the past eighty years? The Automobile and the Environment in American History. Los Angeles, the metropolis of southern California, was, it is true, as famous for its motion-picture industry as for its tourist trade. Economic Effects of the Automobile: Promoted growth of other industries. 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