By the age of 20, after several years of additional training after finishing the agoge at about age 16, a Spartan man was deemed ready to become part of the standing army of Spartan citizen soldiers. (1) The Athenian Trireme. It was a law-package with politico-military, economic and social reforms. When starting the training, the officer hosting it must review with the Athenians: terms, commands, faces, and war chants learned in previous training to ensure maximum efficiency when it comes to enacting sed things. At a Glance. Members. The problem was that this gave more power in the hands of the strategos, but it also made sure that policy of the city did remained consistent. The Athenian army was lead by ten generals who were commonly known as the strategos, who were each year chosen by the people's council. Spartan was one of the divisions of inhabitants of Laconia, and the Spartan was well-known as the highest class in the society, they were the governors, rulers and soldiers. After the two years of training, the Greek men would be inevitably liable for military service. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. During the Persian wars Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean that destroyed the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. Boys went to school until eighteen, at which time they could choose to go to the military for two years or pursue another career. Training for the military began at age 7, … Those that passed became members of the Spartan military, and lived in barracks with the other soldiers. An Athenian male has to train for two years in the military services while a Spartan male starts training at age 12 and spends many years training. Motivation and aggression were often quite high! Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. The national epic poems, Homer's Illiad and Odyssey, were mandatory teaching in all Athenian elementary schools. Author: Training was kind of a foreign concept in most of Greece through the 5th century BC. Athens and Sparta were the most powerful empire and city-states in Greece 2,500 years ago. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. manu2168 manu2168 Are there any options New questions in History. The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Wikipedia: Athenian military. The young men learned between the age of 8 and 18 of several subjects such as grammar, music, and art of public speaking. In Athens military training was only 2 years long, once boys turned 20 they graduated military school. From about 335 bc they underwent two years of military training under the supervision of an elected kosmetes and 10 sōphronistai (“chasteners”). They were allowed to take a wife, but they weren't allowed to live with her. The Athenian military was the military force of Athens, one of the major city-states (poleis) of Ancient Greece. Such was the reputation of the Spartans army that scholars and tacticians in the present day still keenly study the battles and training methods of this army in universities and military academies around the world. After the two years of training, only two years of service was rquired and after his service he only had to serve again if called into battle. DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. First the negative evidence - or what is often thought to be that. The Athenian Army. (3), Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however. In The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus Thomas R. Henderson provides a new history of the Athenian ephebeia, a system of military, athletic, and moral instruction for new Athenian citizens. They were taught boxing, swimming, wrestling, javelin-throwing, and discus-throwing. Related Questions. The Athenian men became the citizens after two years of military training. The boys were also taught how to play the lyre, sing, and do arithmetic. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistokles. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan girls also went to school at age seven. On the other hand, the goal of education in Athens, a democratic city-state, was to produce citizens trained in the arts of both peace and war. Education - Education - Athens: Beginning at a date difficult to fix precisely (at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century), Athens, in contrast to Sparta, became the first to renounce education oriented toward the future duties of the soldier. Loyalty IV. I. Members. Important Trellos II. 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E / 38.11806°N 23.97833°E / 38.11806; 23.97833 Coordinates: 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E / 38.11806°N 23.97833°E / 38.118: Result: Greek victory Persian forces conquer the Cycladic islands and establish control over the Aegean sea; … He would live in the barracks with his fellow soldiers and could be called to war at any time by the Spartan state. The Spartans had the only standing army of the period and this was regimented and drilled to a degree not seen elsewhere. Initially, Athenian and Spartan military cultures were at odds: a maritime versus a land power with strategies of exhaustion versus that of annihilation. Barry Williams—Getty Images. Plat. Evolving from armed bands led by a warrior leader, city militia of part-time soldiers, providing their own equipment and perhaps including all the citizens of the city-state or polis, began to move warfare away from the control of private individuals and into the realm of the state. In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.There were no uniforms or insignia and as soon as the conflict was over the soldiers would return to their farms. Ancient Athens was determined to produce thinkers (philosophers) and The Athenians prided themselves with their art, philosophers, and poetry, but did have a strong military to protect and expand their city-state. led many to attribute Athenian military success to their political system. Athenian Military Handbook Description. According to the legend, the Spartan law was written by the great lawmaker (Greek : νομοθέτης, nomothetis) Lycurgus. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to … Language Requirement IV. Athens military training: in Athens boys were sent to school to learn reading, writing, math, and other things from the age of 6 to 17. Group Links III. The main warships of the fleet were the triremes. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.These attendants carried the hoplite's shield until the battle and most of the baggage. After going over the basics described previously, which is basically a warmup. This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. It was largely similar to other armies of the region. These schools were usually private schools, but tuition costs were low enough that even most poor Athenians could afford to send their boys to school for at least a few years. I. By Steele Brand September 20, 2019 11:00 AM EDT O … Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… This period of service would last until the age of 30. The key passage against Athenian military training, often quoted, is Xen., Mem., Ill, 12. With its fleet, Athens o… Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. What happens to a Spartan male at age 30? Boys from families that could afford it continued to remain in school for four more years. At age 20, Spartan men had to pass a series of demanding tests of physical prowess and leadership abilities. How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? At age 30, Spartan men are allowed to leave the barracks and live at home with their wife and kids. Boys would continue to go to a school until the age of 14, and then would either go to a higher educational school in philosophy or take military training in the army or navy. Athens army was a part time army, it was made up of part time soldiers who had to buy and supply their own equipment, because they all had other jobs they spent much less time training and as they brought their own equipment the standards between men varied greatly. The Athenian boys started the education early; their focus was philosophy. Athens had a democracy and trade while Sparta was a military state and its focus was training the people for war. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. Pericles was born c. 495 BC, in the deme of Cholargos just north of Athens.α[›] He was the son of the politician Xanthippus, who, although ostracized in 485–484 BC, returned to Athens to command the Athenian contingent in the Greek victory at Mycale just five years later. Socrates served as an Athenian hoplite, and distinguished himself in several important battles during the Peloponnesian war (431 ... We have a brief mention of Socrates’ service from Xenophon but also a longer portrayal of Socrates discussing military training and tactics, in a manner indicative of his past experience. The Athenian army was no match for the size and effectiveness of the Spartan army, but what they lacked on land, they made up for at sea, with an innovation that completely changed the face of naval warfare and would make Athens the dominant naval power for a century or more. At a Glance. Ephebus, in ancient Greece, any male who had attained the age of puberty.In Athens it acquired a technical sense, referring to young men aged 18–20. Just so, what is not required for a citizen of Athens? In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. In ancient Athens, the purpose of education was to produce citizens trained in the arts, to prepare citizens for both peace and war. However, over the course of the war these military cultures discernibly changed, leaving them more closely aligned. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. Culture during the rise of Athens . At the age of 18, Spartan boys had to go out into the world and steal their food. Sparta Spartan soldiers. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. It’s clear from the surviving writings that Socrates was famous … By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. How Ancient Sparta's Harsh Military System Trained Boys Into Fierce Warriors The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7. Labels Chapter I Hoplitai Manual ___ Section I Recruiting. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. 13. NEED HELP ASAP DUE 11:30PM ! The entire citizen body was divided into 10 tribes, with one hero for each tribe. The training session is the latest sign that the U.S. military is expanding its presence in Greece, which U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called a “critical ally” in the region. In fact, the distinctive approaches that Sparta and Athens took to combat embraced a wide range of tactics, only a few of which were tied to their traditional divide at the shoreline. read more. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. 12. At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. Sparta specialized in land conflict, and it was considered widely as the best and leading force of the Greek army. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. (as such only the very wealthy were hoplites in Athenian armies) On the plus side Athens had a far bigger population than … At age 30, they became full citizens of Sparta, provided they had served honorably. But even a trained and well-drilled army with bad morale can be crushed by spirited amateurs. While no marvelous works of art or literature ever came of this system, it did accomplish the Spartan goal of producing elite soldiers. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. All Athenian citizens had the right to vote in the Assembly, debate, own land and own slaves. By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. military training. What is a duty of older Athenian men? The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. In some city-states, like Sparta, all men were warriors and the women were trained warriors as well. (1). Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. Self-Discipline V. Personal Health VI. II.39.1-4). The schools were private, but the tuition was low enough so that even the poorest citizens could afford to send their children for at least a few years. They both shared many of their beliefs and heroes, but they were very different when it came to their government. Shield design: either individually chosen or representing clan, neighbourhood, or tribe COMPLETION OF RECRUITMENT After the youth has completed and passed the tryout. In Sparta, conquest was used to get resources, while in Athens they used trade to get what they needed. Respect II. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. Add your answer and earn points. The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. Appearance. Encyclopedia Research. They were required to continue serving the military, however, until age 60. These schools were similar in many ways to the schools Spartan boys attended, as it was the Spartan opinion that strong women produced strong babies, which would then grow into strong soldiers to serve the state.(1). Spartan boys would start their education later , The focus for them was military training. Account Requirement III. Discord Requirement II. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian democracy and war. Discipline as we know it was surprisingly rare. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. Army. Agariste was the great-granddaughter of the tyrant o… A. Spartan children had military training and studied foreign languages, whereas athenian children were encouraged in civic participation and religion. The concept was that a soldier must learn stealth and cunning. Laws VIII.828e-834a, Rep. II.374b-d; Thuc. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements. The officer must ensure all the men are within a discord call. This gave the Athenian fleets an advantage in training over the less professional fleets of its rivals. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. Athenian war ship. When boys turned 18 in Athens they were required to go to military school and learn how to fight in battle. 0 0. Tactics are also a vague sort of topic. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. 1 See answer nayday27 is waiting for your help. “We have role players that set up different scenarios that officers may encounter, then our officers will use paint guns and protective gear to go out and address whatever the situation is. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. All Athenian boys were expected to read heavily, however, as literature played a very important part in their education. “I call it a training familiarization program. Question Eight: The education of a Spartan boy and an Athenian Boy were greatly different. III.5.15, 12.5; cf. Each city-state had its own government, its own military, and its own way of doing things. There they learned gymnastics, wrestling, and did calisthenics. Completion of Recruitment/Training Chapter II Officer Manual--- Section I Morals. Training began at a young age and discipline was harsh, enabling the Spartans to field the most powerful land army on mainland Greece. INFOMATION _____ I. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. Athenian Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.(1). In Athenian democracy, all … Athens government didn't have a high value on their military like Sparta did because Athenian boys only started training at the age of eighteen and training only lasted for two years. Getting caught would result in harsh punishment, including flogging, which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves. The other advantage was a defined command structure. The emphasis of Athenian education was to prepare well-rounded citizens capable of performing whatever task was asked of them. The same people could become strategos year after year, unlike as in many other Greek cities. They are to send a pending request to the army and purchase the uniform. 1 Forces 1.1 Infantry 1.2 Cavalry 1.3 Navy 2 References 3 Sources The mainstay of the Athenian army, like practically all Greek armies, was the heavy armed infantry soldier, the hoplite. (1), At age 14, poorer boys usually stopped going to school and began apprenticeships at a trade. To make more soldiers for the future. Training for the military began at age 7, as all Spartan boys left home to go to military school. One of the most major difference was military. 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