Complete IGCSE History 2018 Past Papers Directory IGCSE History Feb & March Past Papers 0470_m18_0_0_gt 0470_m18_1_2_ms 0470_m18_1_2_qp 0470_m18_2_2_ms 0470_m18_2_2_qp 0470_m18_4_2_ms 0470_m18_4_2_qp IGCSE History May & June Past Papers 0470_s18_0_0_er 0470_s18_gt 0470_s18_ms_11 0470_s18_ms_12 0470_s18_ms_21 0470_s18_ms_22 … 5. At an enquiry, Field Marshall Hindenburg was called to give evidence. Thereafter, the army was also subservient to Hitler. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. GCSE History - Germany 1918-1945 Flashcard Maker: Meg Daniel. Hitler assembled a large group of unemployed young men and former soldiers, known as the storm troopers (the SA), which attacked other political groups. The Nazis targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to win their support. In 1921, the Reparations commission announced how much Germany was to pay -. 4 million men were in the army, so they were not counted as unemployed. • Jazz music was banned. 4. ]. Field Marshall Hindenburg gave this advice to President Ebert: In the event of a resumption of hostilities, we can…defend our frontiers in the east. In the west, however, we can scarcely count on being able to withstand a serious offensive…The success of the operation as a whole is very doubtful, but as a soldier, I cannot help feeling that it were better to die honourably than accept a disgraceful peace. 6. |[pic] |Abolishing the trade unions allowed Hitler to destroy a group that might have opposed him. We understand that reading is the simplest way for human to derive and constructing meaning in order to gain a particular knowledge from a source. Second, the people who were expelled from their homes had to be housed and fed by the government since it had ordered the passive resistance in the first place. The Nazi party was banned, and Hitler was prevented from speaking in public until 1927. How To Revise For Edexcel GCSE History. Flashcards. STUDY. • The Hitler Youth was compulsory; it indoctrinated boys and prepared them for war. A famous British economist, John Maynard Keynes, argued that Germany did not have enough money to pay reparations. History had a nationalistic approach. The word ‘inflation’ describes a situation in which prices are rising and the value of money is falling. No notes for slide. It wanted to make sure that Germany would never attack it again, and crippling Germany with massive reparations was the best way of doing it. 1. In the long run, these measures saved Germany from complete collapse. Waving a gun at them, Hitler forced them to agree to rebel - and then let them go home. The army refused to attack him; he was only defeated when the workers of Berlin went on strike. Complete IGCSE History 2018 Past Papers Directory IGCSE History Feb & March Past Papers 0470_m18_0_0_gt 0470_m18_1_2_ms 0470_m18_1_2_qp 0470_m18_2_2_ms 0470_m18_2_2_qp 0470_m18_4_2_ms 0470_m18_4_2_qp IGCSE History May & June Past Papers 0470_s18_0_0_er 0470_s18_gt 0470_s18_ms_11 0470_s18_ms_12 0470_s18_ms_21 0470_s18_ms_22 … A Jack-booted German soldier puts up the letter P in front of the word Reparations to spell Preparations, while old bill poster Treaty of Versailles is tattered and falling off the wall. Key problems The Weimar Republic was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost the First World War. How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War? Supporters of the right wing often had friends in high places, for example in the law courts, government departments and the armed forces. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Women doctors, teachers and civil servants were forced to give up their careers. | | |[pic] |b. GCSE History Germany learning resources for adults, children, parents and teachers. • Many Jews were sacked and their jobs given to non-Jews. 2.2 The Treaty of Versailles(with Germany, June 1919) On 28thJune 1919, in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles (16 kilometres from Paris), the Allied leaders forced the Germans to sign the Treaty of Versailles. Weimar Germany … Anya. June 2017 – OCR (J418) History B: Modern World. history-the-cold-war; history-usa; Germany 1918-1945 Revision Notes Booklet; Best Revision Websites. After the German defeat in WWI, Kaiser Wilhelm II, the German Emperor, was extremely unpopular with his people – he was arrogant, tactless, and an ineffective war leader. Slowly but surely, the Germans were forced back until by the end of September, the Allies were through the Hindenburg Line. GCSE History AQA 2017 Flashcard Maker: K Rawlinson. Artists had to produce acceptable paintings that portrayed Nazi values. GCSE History Revision notes Germany 1918-45: 24 pages and EVERYTHING YOU SHOULD NEED! Hitler thought he would be helped by important nationalist politicians in Bavaria. The role of women The Nazis had clear ideas of what they wanted from women. Millions of people faced starvation as a result of hyperinflation. Many Germans would have preferred to fight again rather than sign the peace treaty being drawn up in Paris by the Allies. Germany - Revision Document. As with left wing ‘uprisings’, this was unsuccessful. America called in all its foreign loans, which destroyed Weimar Germany due to the Dawes Plan. 3. The emphasis is on both historical knowledge and on the skills required for historical research. Peace Treaties Peace Treaties Versailles Aim: punish Germany, prevent war and allow self-determination Territorial Aim: to weaken Germany by taking away territories, to get compensation for cost of war by. Walther Rathenau (29 September 1867-24 June 1922). Ebert and the government were able to return to Berlin to regain control, as if nothing had happened. | |5 Mar 1933 |General Election - only 44 per cent of the population vote for the Nazis, who win 288 seats in the Reichstag. History Revision Notes - Germany Weimar - strengths and weaknesses The Weimar Republic After Germany lost the First World War, the Kaiser fled and a new democratic government of Germany was declared in February 1919 at the small town of Weimar. There was a short scuffle in which the police killed 16 Nazis. 16 Nazis were killed in the scuffle. Hitler was given power in a political deal by Hindenburg and Papen who foolishly thought they could control him. The Reichstag made the laws and appointed the government, which had to do what the Reichstag wanted. PLAY. From 2020 examination this syllabus will no longer be regulated by the qualifications and examinations regulators in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Free Edexcel GCSE History Revision Guides and Notes Here! To have even part of this taken away would be a shattering blow to the country’s well-being. Led by socialists, they set up their own workers’ and soldiers’ councils to run the towns. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Weimar Germany Notes - Very Detailed! He said that Kaiser Wilhelm and the army generals must give up some of their powers and that the Reichstag, Germany’s parliament, must have a greater share in running the country. A MORAL STATE OF WAR Industrialists gave Hitler money and support. MrHappyMan01. Why did Events in the Gulf Matter? Save time and let our verified experts help you. • People appreciated the public works - eg new schools and hospitals. In January 1923, there were five French divisions and one Belgian division in the Ruhr. Helped by the Belgian army, they invaded this area to take coal, iron and steel in payment for the year. IGCSE History Germany Depth Study. £6.6 thousand million in forty-two yearly instalments. So there was the choice: to fight on and risk total defeat in the end; or to make peace now on reasonable terms. • Many women were sacked and their jobs given to men. They also expelled people from the Ruhr when they refused to cooperate. An increasing number of people began to favour a return to strong, authoritarian government, which would maintain strict public order. Summary At first, the Nazis were just a terrorist group. We also have lots of notes, study guides, and study notes available for History … In 1944, the Cologne Pirates (the Edelweiss Pirates based in Cologne) killed the Gestapo chief, so the Nazis publicly hanged 12 of them. Click to Rate "Hated It" Click to Rate "Didn't Like It" Click to Rate "Liked It" ... Germany were in immense debt because of the funding of the war of 150 million marks. History; GCSE; Edexcel; Download. One-tenth of the German population lived there and they produced four-fifths of all the country’s coal, iron and steel, as well as many other goods. These groups were behind the attempt by an army officer, Kapp, to seize control of Berlin in 1920. Yet, the Germans did manage to pay a small first settlement in 1921 but at the same time, they asked for a delay of two years before being made to pay the second one, until its economy recovered. All classes in society must be united to make Germany a greater nation again and restore national pride. Top Gcse History Germany Flashcards Ranked by Quality. A booklet covering the 2015- 17 iGCSE History syllabus, with Germany 1918-1945 as the chosen depth study. As a result: 1. The construction of the autobahns created work for 80,000 men. Terms in this set (39) Impact of World War 1 - Mood. They were not allowed to vote or to marry a German. At this point, he still needed the army's support, which is why he destroyed the SA in the Night of the Long Knives. German nationalists could never forgive it for that. Hitler and the army It is important to note that in 1934, the army was not subject to Hitler's authority. It followed, therefore, that communists and … 2. It will help you to plan your revision programme for the examination and will explain what the examiners are looking for in the answers you write. In fact - because the Nazis had abolished the trade unions, banned strikes, and given more power to the industrialists - real wages fell and hours were longer under Hitler. This was an impossible situation for Hitler, who had 3,000 troops ready to fight. To fight would be suicide. IGCSE History Paper 4 is the Depth Study paper, and consequently the content material differs depending on what Depth Study you studied at your school. The bomb was planted by Colonel Stauffenberg. Most people disagreed with Keynes, especially the French. Many people felt that Germany had received a very harsh deal in the Treaty of Versailles and they resented the government for signing it and agreeing to its conditions. Menu. With the help of the Free Corps, the Weimar government had put down the communists in both Berlin and Bavaria. Ebert was now able to hold an election for a parliament. The German army drew up plans to defend the country against invasion. 2. WEAKNESSES • Proportional representation - instead of voting for an MP, like we do in Britain. Hitler hoped to copy Mussolini - the Italian fascist leader - who had come to power in Italy in 1922 by marching on Rome. This site has been created in an effort to help IGCSE History students. Learn. Study Flashcards On GCSE History - Germany at Cram.com. To begin revising for GCSE History, the first thing you will need is the specification for your exam board. The faster prices went up, the faster people spent their wages. NOTES Hitler: GCSE History Rise of Evil Covers Hitler’s rise to power BBC History File Rise to power The Nazis: A Warning from History Comprehensive documentary . Summary Summary IGCSE Cambridge History Germany Depth Study Notes . But nobody quite knew what should become of Germany now that although the Kaiser was gone, the riots and strikes went on. Here are a comprehensive collection of short study notes and interactive revision resources for the Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918-1939 (Option 31) unit of the Edexcel GCSE History course. GCSE and IGCSE History Revision, Weimar and Nazi Germany 1919-1945. | | |This put the Nazis in control of local government, and allowed the Gestapo to rule by terror. During the war, 'swing' groups were formed. [pic] In 1928, the Nazis had only 12 seats in the Reichstag; by July 1932 they had 230 seats and were the largest party. On 2nd October 1918, Ludendorff, a leading general, said this to shocked politicians in the Reichstag (Parliament): Ludendorff insisted that the German government ask President Wilson for an armistice (3 October), hoping to get less severe terms based on Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’. People were starving, the Kaiser had fled and people hated the government for signing the armistice to end the war in November 1918 - they called them the November criminals. Gustav Stresemann and Charles Dawes In 1923, the Weimar Republic was on the verge of collapse, but, surprisingly, the crisis was the start of a period of stability and success. A paramilitary wing of the Social Democratic Party, called the Reichsbanner, sabotaged railway lines and acted as spies. 3. Question 1 A Marks: 1 Major barriers to EC include each of the following except Choose one answer. Though Germany itself had not been yet invaded, General Ludendorff was convinced that they would be defeated in the spring of 1919. They lived in unheated houses because they could not afford coal, and they froze because they could not afford to buy clothes. 4. Government (political) The way Hitler consolidated power in 1933-1934 meant that the Nazis had absolute control of national and local government. He also built public buildings such as the 1936 Olympic Stadium. Annabelledobson Edexcel 9-1 GCSE Revision notes- Germany. Cambridge IGCSE German (Hodder) Strengthen language skills and cultural awareness with a differentiated approach that offers comprehensive coverage of the revised Cambridge IGCSE German syllabus for examination from 2021. An Allied counter-offensive began on 8 August 1918, near Amiens, with hundreds of tanks attacking in short sharp jabs at different points instead of on a narrow front, forcing the Germans to withdraw their entire line. School History is the largest library of history teaching and study resources on the internet. However, Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements. • Books written by Jews were publicly burned. • The KdF (Strength through Joy) movement regulated their leisure time. The middle classes and small capitalists lost their savings: people with thousands in the bank in 1918 now found that their savings would not even buy a slice of bread or a piece of coal. The Reichstag votes to give Hitler the right to make his | |[pic] |own laws. Who was to blame for it all? 3. For example, there were many politically motivated murders during this time; most of which were obviously committed by right-wingers, but virtually none of them were punished. STRENGTHS • A Bill of Rights guaranteed every German citizen freedom of speech and religion, and equality under the law. GERMANY'S "TRIUMPH OF DESPAIR" GERMANY TOPIC MAP (Knowledge Checklist) GCSE Germany Assessment Mat (Mark scheme) Germany Exam Paper. This resource can be used with Year 10 and 11 students studying the German Depth Study of the iGCSE History exam. They were not expected to wear make-up or trousers, dye their hair or smoke in public. In 1938, army leaders hoped Hitler's plan to conquer the Sudetenland would fail and give them an opportunity to depose [Depose: To remove a ruler or monarch. ] Opposition Those who spoke out against Hitler and his policies faced intimidation and threats from the Gestapo or imprisonment and in some cases execution. • The DAF (German Labour Front) controlled workers' conditions at work. 3. Find GCSE Weimar and Nazi Germany study guides, notes, assignments, and much more. His replacement - Papen - lasted six months, and the next chancellor - Schleicher - only lasted two months. In the province of Bavaria in the south, independent Socialists set up a republic. Workers when they were given their wages, threw bundles of banknotes out of factory windows to waiting members of their families, who would then rush to the shops to buy food or coal before the prices went up again. PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. This summary consists of 20 pages of condensed detailed notes summarising the IGCSE Cambridge History Germany Depth Study syllabus since 2009. Germany to hand over all large armaments, lorries and railway rolling stock to the Allies. Non-Nazi teachers and university professors were sacked; teachers had to join the National Socialist Teachers' League. • Loudspeakers in public places blared out Nazi propaganda. The Allied blockade of German ports would continue until an Armistice was signed. PLAY. | |14 July 1933 |Political parties are banned - only the Nazi party is allowed to exist. It seemed that the Great War was about to start all over again. Even at the end of the war, women were never asked to serve in the armed forces. Consequently this podcast aims to be as broad as possible. 4. • All Jews were forced to wear a yellow star of David. The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gave newly wed couples a loan of 1,000 marks, and allowed them to keep 250 marks for each child they had. The 1923 crisis began when Germany missed a reparations payment. In September 1923, the Weimar government had called off the general strike, and every German nationalist was furious with the government. GERMANY TOPIC MAP (Knowledge Checklist) GCSE Germany Assessment Mat (Mark scheme) Germany Exam Paper. Persecution Who did the Nazis persecute? Hitler collected his storm troopers and told them to be ready to rebel. Inflation is not easy to stop once it has got started. His explanation was simple: ‘The German army was stabbed in the back. . 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