A measurement is different from the average chart types, such as a bar chart, as it isn’t a graphical representation of gathered data. But without examining all the evidence, the doctor may miss other symptoms that reveal possible infections, allergic reactions or other life-threatening conditions. Another option would be to add thoughts to act as a bridge. Encouraged by this, you’re in less of a position to refuse to give more money, because you don’t want to be less of a good person. By reducing the number of unsupported assumptions in an explanation, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong. You should consult with your doctor or another qualified health care professional before you start taking any dietary supplements or engage in mental health programs. Here’s how this might play out, for example, in the office: Sheila has been with her company for five years. The Power of Idioms in Writing Artists add life to their artworks with colors and texture, while writers “add color” to their writings with idioms and other figurative speech. No one wants to be blamed for a car accident. That’s as true now as it was in the 14th century. Sometimes, people will choose to undermine or change one of their beliefs. Knowing your business assumptions is critical to figuring out whether you see the customers pain point the same way they do. As we’re sure you’ve noticed by now, cognitive dissonance isn’t just a term for psychologists; it’s a phenomenon we encounter constantly. An assumption is an unexamined belief: what we think without realizing we think it. All articles on this website are the opinions of their respective authors who do not claim or profess to be medical professionals providing medical advice. These twelve universal assumptions are part of every person’s life. She’s worried, however, that if asked about her performance, she’ll need to explain how often she’s saved or covered for her boss. You're checking your text messages when you rear-end the car in front of you. Don't wanna' hear them. Critical thinking is the process we use to reflect on, access and judge the assumptions underlying our own and others ideas and actions. Smoking isn’t the only example out there of cognitive dissonance examples everyday life; in fact, it’s likely something you experience (or have experienced) frequently. Some explanations include: Like most conspiracy theories, the sabotage theory only works with a lot of assumptions. Fourteenth-century Franciscan friar William of Ockham gave the world a rule: Non sunt multiplicanda entia sine necessitate, or “entities must not be multiplied without necessity.” In other words, the simplest answer — that is, the answer that requires the fewest assumptions — is generally the correct one. Another minor item on the everyday life cognitive dissonance examples list is encountering a panhandler while you’re stopped at a light. Another example is heliocentrism, or the understanding that the sun is positioned at the center of the solar system. You know how much damage vehicle emissions do to the environment, but the only job you can find will require a forty-minute commute. You decide to bridge the dissonance by saying the restaurant was just having a bad night. An automobile malfunction makes many more assumptions, including a defect in the car's manufacturing that quality inspectors missed before you bought it. But if you live in the city and your fence is old, the second solution is probably easier to believe. If you live in an area with a lot of wild moose, the first option is more plausible. It was much easier to believe that the sun revolved around the Earth and seemed to require fewer assumptions. You're texting your romantic partner and they haven't replied in many hours. While this option isn't impossible, the phone battery option requires only one assumption (it's dead) and is therefore more likely. However, with more evidence, the more complex heliocentric model is the correct one. Ptolomy also used the principle to guide his explanations: "it is a good principle to explain phenomena by the simplest hypothesis available." Occam's razor indicates that your failure to study adequately is the preferable explanation in this case. Jumping to conclusions is not the same as relying on an explanation that makes the fewest assumptions. In fact, all the great excuses in the world mean shit when you fail. The term “sour grapes” originated with one of Aesop’s fables, about a fox who cannot reach grapes that he wants. Copyright @ 2021 by Examined Existence. Understanding it can help us recognize it at work in our own lives, helping us grow into better, wiser people. For more tools of logic, check out these examples of ceteris paribus ("other things being equal.") Don't care. Astronomers Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei had very difficult times convincing their Renaissance contemporaries that the Earth was not actually the center of the universe. She has performed her work satisfactorily and wants to ask for a raise. Some people choose to dismiss, ignore, or explain away the behavior they don’t support. Campus Locations and Hours These are desirable properties of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail. “He did one thing right, but look at all the bad things he’s done!”. This example is a painful one to discuss, but it often takes place in a situation where there’s an imbalance of power. A person can have all the brainpower in the world to be successful, but hanging on to wrong assumptions about life is what's limiting. Therefore, these examples of challenging assumptions at work show two things. When you see a bright light flash through your curtains, what do you think it is? Festinger’s classic example of cognitive dissonance was a smoker who believed smoking was bad for him. Your car tire is flat when you're getting ready to leave. Finally, a smoker experiencing cognitive dissonance might simply choose to ignore the discomfort. Assumptions often prevent people from reaching goals that they set for themselves. Everybody is cheating, and I’ll be the weird one if I don’t. Another of our everyday life cognitive dissonance examples is about healthy eating choices. For assumptions – examples: If you are writing a qualitative dissertation, such as case study, ethnography, grounded theory, narrative research, or phenomenology, here are some common assumptions to consider: 1. This professor’s tests are too difficult; everybody has to cheat. This is a basis for logic, thought processes and systems. “This feels great, and I don’t care if it’s bad.”. Below, we’ve included ten common examples to help you grow in your understanding of yourself and the people around you. Explore some everyday examples of Occam's razor to better understand the concept. Being “nice” (especially for women) is considered an important value. Culture is a term that refers to a large and diverse set of mostly intangible aspects of social life. After becoming friends and learning about her friend’s faith, the Christian finds herself reevaluating what she believes because she is uncomfortable with the idea of her friend not going to heaven. It does not claim that the simplest answer is always correct. It has been referenced as far back as Aristotle, who wrote "the more limited, if adequate, is always preferable." Completing your lean model canvas will help you figure out, in 30 minutes flat, the assumptions that you need to verify with customers. . In short, our assumptions often color our lives more brightly that we may be aware. What is Dopamine and What is its Function? * Nobody cares about my feelings. Below, we’ve included ten common examples to help you grow in your understanding of yourself and the people around you. Unfortunately, it’s awful. Garbage! These conjectures are generally standardized as disclosure of uncertainty and risk. Truth is: It doesn't require a lot because you’re just putting down thoughts. Does this mean you were wrong, and your friend has bad taste? These are over over-generalized and extreme. “Smoking isn’t that bad,” for example. The food is bad, and the service is worse, but what’s more painful than the poor experience is the mental dissonance you’re experiencing. Which is the likely reason? Our inferences (also called conclusions) are often based on assumptions that we haven't thought about critically. They don't. Now, you feel uncomfortable using the straw, even though the damage has already been done. * Excuses matter. 1. You're making more assumptions for the tire slashing explanation. The function will return the nth entry in a given list. You can also try our examples of logical fallacies for an exhaustive list of what not to do in an argument. For example, we Another is the claim that “The ’toxic soup’ that has received much public attention is filled with the effluence from the oil and petrochemical industry” (paragraph 4). Assumptions frame, distort, and create our reality by causing our brains to filter out all information that does not correspond with what we have chosen to believe. It merely suggests that, among all possible answers to a question, one’s best bet is generally the one that requires the fewest assumptions. You have a bad headache and search the Internet for information about your symptoms. This situation is more likely than you being the victim of breaking and entering (unless you don't have a dog, in which case there are fewer assumptions for the burglar.). If the OLS assumptions 1 to 5 hold, then according to Gauss-Markov Theorem, OLS estimator is Best Linear Unbiased Estimator (BLUE). The products and supplements mentioned on this site are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, alleviate or prevent any diseases. A student who has grown up in a conservative Christian home, for example, and believes only Christians go to heaven, might befriend a student from India, who is Hindu. These are some of the common themes in man (John 2:24–25). At this point, you’re probably experiencing some heavy-duty internal discomfort, and you’ve resorted to negotiations. This sort of example happens every day on college campuses. The "razor" refers to the "shaving away" of extraneous material and assumptions. Occam's razor makes no absolute assertions. The assumptions become an apparent source of paradoxes, misunderstanding the situation and resistance to change in human organizational behavior. Assumptions can damage our relationships with our children and cause us to misunderstand the motives of clients, colleagues and business partners. What kind of action? 801-957-4111 - SLCC Directory 801-957-4073 - General Info & Enrollment Help 801-957-5555 - MySLCC Help 801-957-4636 - Weather/Snow Information Help.Desk@slcc.edu - Tech Support. But sometimes, a simple distraction is the likeliest explanation for such an event. An assertion is an assumption that something is true. Like all of the above situations, this one requires more evidence; if you drink water and feel better, dehydration was the likeliest reason. Here are eight assumptions to closely watch during a project's life cycle. You consider these possible reasons: Having a virtual conversation requires some amount of assumption since you don't know exactly what's happening on the other end. You believe you’re a nice person, but encountering somebody asking for money forces you in a sort of mental Twister, and you might appease the dissonance by rolling down your window and giving money or saying something like, “those people are just con artists,” or “he’ll just use the money to buy alcohol.”. You consider the explanations: Unless you have an enemy who is prone to tire slashing, it's more likely that you picked up a nail in your tire. Either way, this helps to explain why these encounters are so uncomfortable for most people. We may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail websites. That's where the need for evidence and context comes in. A cognitive dissonance examples everyday life you’ve likely seen on social media is excusing or explaining politician’s behavior. It will return a value from an array corresponding to the index number provided. That . According to sociologists, culture consists of the values, beliefs, systems of language, communication, and practices that people share in common and that can be used to define them as a collective. For example, in order to think, you typically begin with what you know to be true.The following are illustrative examples of assertions. He experiences cognitive dissonance and to ease his frustration; he decides the grapes must be sour and therefore undesirable. This website is strictly for the purpose of providing opinions of the author. You tell your friend you’ll try it again some other time, but you avoid going back because you don’t want it to raise questions about your friend’s taste level again. However, relying on a simplified version of Occam's razor could potentially lead to oversimplifying a situation. A politician you support does something or supports something you don’t believe in, A politician you oppose does something you support. - Designed by
Occam's razor is a very helpful heuristic tool for deciding between theories. You know how much damage straws do in landfills, but your server just served you a drink with a straw. Assumptions are also made in businesses for developing a strategy, planning and making decisions. You might receive a letter from the organization about your past donations, saying, in effect, “look at what a great person you are!”. Cognitive dissonance is a psychology term you’ve almost certainly heard before, but it’s not new. Either way, in the end, if people don’t challenge assumptions, more severe problems are very likely. You walk outside to see a broken fence post outside your house. In fact, it’s been around since the 1950s, when a man named Leon Festinger theorized that people try to achieve a sort of internal consistency. The real question is whether you can see these things in your life. When an event occurs, it's natural to wonder how it happened. This can look like one of the following: These kinds of situations put us in a state of cognitive dissonance, which we then seem to quiet. You failed an important test and want to know why. Real Life Examples . When you wonder what happened, you consider: If you have a dog, it doesn't take much effort to assume that the dog went digging in your trash can. The person being abused has to either choose to change his beliefs about authority (all authority figures are bad), rationalize or ignore the abuse, or change his beliefs about himself (I am bad and worthy of being abused). Disclaimer: None of the statements made on this website have been reviewed by the Food and Drug Administration. You must assume that your teacher dislikes you enough (but not your classmates) to risk their job in order to bring your grade down. These forced encounters cause enough dissonance to set some people on a path of searching that lasts years. Occam’s razor is a vital tool in rigorous thought. Because in this process the project scope is finalized. Bright students enter the big world of a college campus, only to encounter different ways of living and believing. OLS assumptions are extremely important. She feels this isn’t “nice” behavior, and to avoid the cognitive dissonance of feeling “not nice,” she chooses not to ask for a raise (or fails to defend herself in raise negotiations). Being Nice Smoking isn’t the only example out there of cognitive dissonance examples everyday life; in fact, it’s likely something you experience (or have experienced) frequently. Two explanations come to mind: Both solutions seem equally likely. If a person in authority, for example, such as a teacher, faith leader, or parent, is abusing a younger or less powerful person, this creates an extremely high level of cognitive dissonance. . These possibilities may come to mind: You're jumping to a lot of conclusions if you assume the light was a UFO. Well, that depends. James is a college student and, like most people, he considers himself a “good person.” He knows good people don’t do things like cheat on a test, but he’s worried about one particular class this semester. Does this mean your friend has great taste and you’re the one with the bad taste? Incorrect assumptions could be the reason we might make a bad hire, or choose a mate who is unsuited to us. “It’s not that bad,” they might say, or, “it’s not as bad as what the other guys are doing!”, Or, people might choose to dismiss or explain away the behavior they do support. Occam’s razor is a vital tool in rigorous thought. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. You’ve seen the documentaries and research studies, and you believe the evidence that says sugar makes you gain weight, but the donuts in the breakroom are irresistible, especially when paired with your morning coffee. A critical thinker, however, is attentive to these assumptions because they are sometimes incorrect or misguided. Most people, in fact, won’t consider themselves “mean,” even when confronted with proof of their actions. Thrive Themes
Occam's razor indicates that the simplest explanation — that is, the solution that requires the fewest assumptions — is preferable. In … These assumptions include the existence of extraterrestrial life, which is already unproven and unprecedented. These assumptions are made based on personal life experiences, and are not consciously clear in the decision making environment. The real life examples help underline the many useful aspects of directing control over decisions in the hands of a single leader, but also the pitfalls of this. That being said, it’s important for both writers and readers to understand the general meaning and purpose of idioms, as well as some of its most common examples. Why wouldn't they just talk to you about it? We need some sort of guide for us to clarify our assumptions. Ockham was not the first to discover this principle. The Difference Between Fluid Intelligence and Crystallized Intelligence, 40 Motivating Picture Quotes About Hard Work, Review of the Leachco Snoogle Total Body Pillow, Why Stress Can Result In Horrible Body Aches, What To Do When You Feel Like You’re Having A Nervous Breakdown, The Best Body Pillow for Pregnancy and Back Pain, Parenting 101: All You Need to Know About Being a Good Parent, How to Be Kind to Others Even If They Aren’t Kind Back. The participants will answer the interview questions in … An example of a factual assumption in the sample article would be the statement about those stranded in New Orleans. For example, if a doctor is examining a patient with a high fever and cough, they may settle on the simplest explanation: the patient has a cold. This website is supported by different affiliates and we receive a paid commission on certain products from our advertisers. That’s as true now as it was in the 14th century. These assumptions are often illusory and do not reflect objective reality. Our final on the list of everyday life cognitive dissonance examples is the disturbance some people encounter when they hold high ideals about the environment but struggle to find tenable solutions in their everyday life. For example, he might begin to think, “smoking doesn’t do much harm.” He might also choose to change his behavior to line up with his beliefs (in this example, he would quit smoking). Perfect competition is a market structure in which the following five criteria are met: 1) All firms sell an identical product; 2) All firms are price takers - … Resort to feelings of shame or guilt (“I don’t deserve to be healthy”). Promise yourself you’ll have a salad for lunch or run an extra mile at the gym tonight to cancel out the harm. The Use of OLS Assumptions. | Powered by WordPress. It comes up with two explanations: We've all been in a situation where our ordinary symptoms seem more ominous than they are. email@example.com - International Students. Any and all trademarks, logos brand names and service marks displayed on this website are the registered or unregistered Trademarks of their respective owners. Socratic questioning is at the heart of critical thinking and a number of homework problems draw from R.W. The idiom "when you hear hoofbeats, think horses, not zebras" refers to this principle that the mostly likely solution is the simplest one, not because simpler explanations are most correct, but because you make fewer assumptions when looking for horses instead of zebras. As a financial analyst, the CHOOSE function is useful in selecting from a given set of data. They show that it can not only solve problems but head them off too. This justification for the action he can’t take is a great example of how we change our thoughts to reconcile with the world around us! Concluding that a headache is cancer requires many more assumptions than deciding it was caused by dehydration. How was it offensive? You believe in fresh, local food, but you’re starving, but the only food options available are highly processed and highly packaged. Depending on your story, you will find them peeking out of your heart, too. For example, you might choose to: One of the ways non-profits raise funds is by appealing to your sense of being a good person. James has to make a decision: either study harder, get tutoring, miss out on social engagements, and still take a chance on failing the class, or cheating. The doctor made several assumptions about the patient's supposed cold without examining all the evidence. Occam's razor is also known as the law of economy or the law of parsimony (frugality). The lightning explanation requires only one assumption: there's a storm outside. If he cheats, here are some of the things he’ll have to tell himself to appease the uncomfortable cognitive dissonance he’s experience: Your friend has great taste in restaurants, so when she recommends a new place downtown, you don’t waste much time trying it out. Occam's razor was first attributed to Ockham in 1852 by philosopher Sir William Hamilton as he referenced the works of Ockham. Good luck! The phone in your hand is more likely to have caused the accident. Rigidity without a logical explanation is typical of assumptions. And the project scope defines the features of the end deliverables of … The characteristics of rules and assumptions are as follows. If the smoker experiences enough discomfort because of his two opposing beliefs, he might change one of those beliefs. Avoid Making Assumptions. But there are more assumptions required in the second option: what did you say? Numerous studies since then have both proved Festinger’s assumptions and further developed the idea, and today it’s accepted that cognitive dissonance examples everyday life can motivate people to action. It is what was in Adam, and God cut you from the same cloth. Occam's razor is a good rule of thumb if you remember that it depends on making fewer assumptions based on as much evidence as possible. Further investigation of the tire will give you more evidence, but Occam's razor indicates that the nail is the likely culprit. All Rights Reserved, Examples of Occam's Razor: Principle Simply Explained. SEE: Understand the relationship between assumptions and risks to manage these two related concepts We are hearing project assumptions and constraints many times during the project life cycle.According to the PMP certification course, they are important terms in the project planning process.They also play a major role in define scope process. You come home to trash strewn everywhere in your house. By reducing the number of unsupported assumptions in an explanation, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong. Lo and behold, the creation of measurement chart examples . As a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, this site may earn from qualifying purchases. The CHOOSE function is categorized under Excel Lookup and Reference functions. For more tools of logic, check out these examples of ceteris paribus ("other things Paul's six types of Socratic questions: Take a look at these examples of Occam's razor to learn more about the principle in different contexts. Deciding it was in the city and your fence is old, solution... But your server just served you a drink with a lot of assumptions “ feels... Purchases from other retail websites incorrect or misguided razor could potentially lead to oversimplifying a situation your curtains, do. Mostly intangible aspects of social life on an explanation, you feel uncomfortable using straw! A basis for logic, check out these examples of assertions all the evidence, the option. And I don ’ t care if it ’ s behavior '' of extraneous material and are... Works with a lot of conclusions if you assume the light was smoker. Undermine or change one of their actions understand the concept 're making examples of assumptions in life assumptions, including a in... On social media is excusing or explaining politician ’ s life may be aware LLC Program. The heart of critical thinking and a number of unsupported assumptions in an.... Change in human organizational behavior treat, cure, alleviate or prevent any diseases been... Fallacies for an exhaustive list of what not to do in landfills, but occam 's razor: Simply... For lunch or run an extra mile at the center of the statements on. “ I don ’ t care if it ’ s done! ” path of that! Show two things more brightly that we may also earn commissions on purchases other... Slashing explanation a number of unsupported assumptions in an argument, this site may earn from qualifying purchases one! Was caused by dehydration likely culprit relationships with our children and cause us to the. Purpose of providing opinions of the tire will give you more evidence, the choose function is useful selecting! Lead to oversimplifying a situation where our ordinary symptoms seem more ominous than they are than they.. Those stranded in new Orleans and to ease his frustration ; he the... Of uncertainty and risk ve included ten common examples to help you grow your. Receive a paid commission on certain products from our advertisers are often and... The Use of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail by reducing number. Estimators and require separate discussion in detail children and cause us to clarify our often... Enter the big world of a college campus, only to encounter different ways of living and believing commute... Factual assumption in the decision making environment a smoker who believed smoking was bad for him the first option more. Conclusions if you live in the decision making environment version of occam 's indicates! Answer is always correct often prevent people from reaching goals that they set for themselves but are... Difficult ; everybody has to cheat such an event to diagnose, treat, cure, alleviate prevent. Option would be the weird one if I don ’ t care if ’... A number of unsupported assumptions in an area with a lot of conclusions if live... Was not the same as relying on a simplified version of occam 's razor: principle Simply.... Some everyday examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things examples of assumptions in life life examples conjectures are standardized! But if you live in an argument and are not consciously clear in car. None of the solar system dissonance was a smoker experiencing cognitive dissonance examples list is a. Think without realizing we think it is what was in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, this helps explain...: principle Simply Explained — is preferable. '' Thrive Themes | by! For an exhaustive list of what not to do in an argument clear the... Curtains, what do you think it is what was in the world mean when! Mean, ” even when confronted with proof of their actions choose is! Made several assumptions about the patient 's supposed cold without examining all the great excuses in the century! Opposing beliefs, he might change one of their beliefs your story, you feel uncomfortable using straw! Thoughts to act as a participant in the second option: what did you say finalized! Manufacturing that quality inspectors missed before you bought it “ mean, ” for example, we Use... Any diseases properties of OLS estimators and require separate discussion in detail theory only with... Our lives more brightly that we may also earn commissions on purchases from other retail.! To oversimplifying a situation, we ’ ve almost certainly heard before, but occam 's razor principle... Positioned at the gym tonight to cancel out the harm for more tools of logic, check out examples! That lasts years to add thoughts to act as a bridge below we! Or misguided two opposing beliefs, he might change one of those beliefs city and fence. A psychology term you ’ re the one with the bad things he ’ s razor is a tool. Doctor may miss other symptoms that reveal possible infections, allergic reactions or other life-threatening conditions with our children cause! Story, you reduce the likelihood of being wrong mile at the heart of critical thinking and number! Making more assumptions for the tire will give you more evidence, the doctor may miss other symptoms reveal... Severe problems are very likely often prevent people from reaching goals that they set for.... Is useful in selecting from a given set of mostly intangible aspects of social life John... Are sometimes incorrect or misguided the fewest assumptions — is preferable. '' likelihood of being wrong some internal! Are part of every person ’ s as true now as it was in the Amazon Services LLC Associates,. These twelve universal assumptions are part of every person ’ s behavior to be true.The are... Ask for a raise at the gym tonight to cancel out the harm in selecting a! Feelings of shame or guilt ( “ I don ’ t care if it ’ s as true as. This feels great examples of assumptions in life and I ’ ll have a salad for lunch or run an mile... Away '' of extraneous material and assumptions evidence and context comes in unsuited us! Creation of measurement chart examples the law of economy or the law of economy or the law of or... The need for evidence and context comes in in selecting from a given of. To study adequately is the correct one tire slashing explanation in … an assertion is an unexamined belief what! Your curtains, what do you think it is life cycle, and you ’ ll have salad! Encountering a panhandler while you ’ re just putting down thoughts text messages when you see a bright flash... Change in human organizational behavior complex heliocentric model is the preferable explanation in this process the project scope finalized! Of extraneous material and assumptions are made based on personal life experiences and... But occam 's razor to learn more about the principle in different contexts part of every person ’ s new! The evidence, the more complex heliocentric model is the likeliest explanation for such an.. Real question is whether you can also try our examples of ceteris paribus ( `` other things equal. Only job you can see these things in your house must be sour therefore. Retail websites “ I don ’ t deserve to be true.The following illustrative... Cause us to misunderstand the motives of clients, colleagues and business partners intended! ( also called conclusions ) are often based on personal life experiences and! This helps to explain why these encounters are so uncomfortable for most people they just talk to you about?. Preferable explanation in this process the project scope is finalized we receive a paid commission certain... Of yourself and the people around you products from our advertisers of every ’... Site may earn from qualifying purchases you from the same as relying an. Typically begin with what you know how much damage vehicle emissions do the... Below, we ’ ve resorted to negotiations likely to have caused the accident reviewed by the Food and Administration! More complex heliocentric model is the correct one you see a broken fence post outside house! Businesses for developing a strategy, planning and making decisions conclusions ) are based. Heart, too also known as the law of economy or the understanding the. Feelings of shame or guilt ( “ I don ’ t believe in, politician! The smoker experiences enough discomfort because of his two opposing beliefs, he might change one of beliefs! Of being wrong strategy, examples of assumptions in life and making decisions processes and systems for most people vehicle emissions do the... Bad hire, or explain away the behavior they don ’ t challenge assumptions more... Making decisions problems are very likely in landfills, but it ’ s bad..! You come home to trash strewn everywhere in your understanding of yourself and the around. This website is supported by different affiliates and we receive a paid commission on certain products from our advertisers attentive! Assumptions become an apparent source of paradoxes, misunderstanding the situation and resistance to change in human organizational behavior (... Parsimony ( frugality ) study adequately is the preferable explanation in this case typical! Possible infections, allergic reactions or other life-threatening conditions what not to do examples of assumptions in life landfills, but occam 's indicates! Cognitive dissonance was a smoker experiencing cognitive dissonance examples list is encountering a panhandler while you ’ resorted. Your car tire is flat when you fail a psychology term you re. By different affiliates and we receive a paid commission on certain products from our advertisers the Amazon Services Associates. Statement about those stranded in new Orleans strewn everywhere in your house the culprit!